Quality of Life and Associated Risk Factors in Hemodialysis: Perspective from a Center in the Dominican Republic


Quality of Life
Risk factors
Dominican Republic

How to Cite

Jimenez Ramirez R, Lopez Gonzalez FE, Rivera Martínez AR, Rodríguez Liriano CG, Lara Pichardo JN, Acosta Díaz Y. Quality of Life and Associated Risk Factors in Hemodialysis: Perspective from a Center in the Dominican Republic. Rev. Colomb. Nefrol. [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 12 [cited 2022 Sep. 24];9(2). Available from: https://revistanefrologia.org/index.php/rcn/article/view/581


Background: Chronic kidney disease has an overall prevalence of 10?%. It can progress to a condition called end-stage renal disease. Therapies such as hemodialysis are necessary at this stage. Our study aims to measure the quality of life of patients on hemodialysis.

Methods: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study with 81 patients. Data was collected using a survey that included sociodemographic variables, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Screening Index (CES-D), and the Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL-SF36). Data were analyzed using the software Epi Info™ 7.2, t-test, ANOVA, and correlation coefficient.

Results: The severity of symptoms is more significant in the female sex than in males (65.7117 vs. 74.2874). All of the components of the KDQOL-SF36 showed a negative correlation with the CES-D. Household income had a mild positive correlation with the scale (r = 0.2608, p = 0.0229). Physical activity was shown to be associated with the physical component of the scale (41.6346 vs. 35.7365, p = 0.0412). Patients with partners were associated with higher quality of life scores than single patients (53.6585 vs. 42.6783, p = 0.0348).

Conclusion: This is the first study conducted in the Dominican Republic to analyze the variables affecting the quality of life in patients in hemodialysis units. The severity of the symptoms increased in female patients, and patients without a partner are associated with worse quality of life scores.



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