Obesidad y enfermedad renal: consecuencias ocultas de la epidemia

  • Csaba P. , MD Kovesdy University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, United States
  • Susan Furth University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • Carmine Zoccali CNR - IFC Clinical Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Reggio Calabria, Italy
Palabras clave: obesidad, enfermedad renal crónica, nefrolitiasis, cáncer renal, prevención

Resumen

La obesidad se ha convertido en una epidemia mundial, y se ha proyectado que su prevalencia se incrementará en un 40 % en la próxima década. Esta creciente prevalencia supone implicaciones tanto para el riesgo de desarrollo de diabetes y enfermedades cardiovasculares como para el desarrollo de Enfermedad Renal Crónica. Un elevado índice de masa corporal es uno de los factores de riesgo más importantes para el desarrollo de Enfermedad Renal Crónica. En individuos afectados por la obesidad, tiene lugar una hiperfiltración compensatoria necesaria para alcanzar la alta demanda metabólica secundaria al aumento del peso corporal. El incremento de la presión intraglomerular puede generar daño renal y elevar el riesgo de desarrollar Enfermedad Renal Crónica a largo plazo. La incidencia de glomerulopatía asociada a obesidad se ha incrementado 10 veces en los últimos años. Así mismo se ha demostrado que la obesidad es un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de nefrolitiasis y un número de neoplasias, incluyendo cáncer renal. Este año, el Día Mundial del Riñón promueve la educación a cerca de las consecuencias nocivas de la obesidad y su asociación con la enfermedad renal, abogando por un estilo de vida saludable y la implementación de políticas públicas de salud que promuevan medidas preventivas alcanzables.

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Biografía del autor/a

Csaba P. , MD Kovesdy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, United States

Nephrology Section, Memphis VA Medical Center, Memphis, TN, United States 

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Publicado
2017-02-07
Cómo citar
Kovesdy, C. P. , M., Furth, S., & Zoccali, C. (2017). Obesidad y enfermedad renal: consecuencias ocultas de la epidemia. Revista Colombiana De Nefrología, 4(1), 112-121. https://doi.org/10.22265/acnef.4.1.262
Sección
Gestión del riesgo de la enfermedad renal